A Medical-Product based hackathon to be conducted during Abhikalpan, IIITDMJ between 2-4th March 2019.
The first round of the hackathon will be online. After the release of the problem statements, participants have to form a team, register & develop their ideas to fit into the Idea Framework which been provided to the participants. The maximum number of members in a team is 4, the minimum is 2.
Registration is free!
Round 1 will be shortlisting of teams.
Selected participants would be informed and invited over e-mail for the second round of the event which will take place in IIITDMJ during Abhikalpan.
During this event, Teams will be presenting their ideas (max 15 minutes) which will be critically examined by a team of medical and engineering experts. Selected ideas would be funded for prototype development. The final round will be demonstration of the prototype.
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1.Endotracheal tube blockage sensor
Problem: Many critically ill patients require endotracheal intubation and airway maintenance. Its airway requires close monitoring and suctioning whenever it gets blocked. However, sometimes the blockage goes unnoticed leading to asphyxia and death of the patient.
Solution Sort: Raise an alarm after 50% blockade of the lumen, that can save many lives.
2.Radio Frequency Lesion generator:
Problem: Drug refractory Movement disorders (Parkinson’s disease, tremors, dystonia) and Epilepsy require treatment by radio frequency lesioning of certain nodal points in the brain. Presently available commercial generators are very costly (about 20 lakh rupees).
Solution: A low-cost RF lesion generator. It needs to have a monopolar electrode that has a conducting tip (and rest insulated). The electrode length would be 19 cm. The electrode will be connected with the lesion generator. The lesion generator should be having the capability of temperature settings (40-1000C), time (0-100 sec), frequency (10-150 Hz), and adjustable pulse width.
3.Seizure predictor alarm system
Problem: Many epilepsy patients die from accidents due to convulsions occurring at the road or home(During High-risk Activities).
Solution: An instrument which can sense the brain’s abnormal electroencephalographic waves. The purpose is to identify electrical aura(signal) before clinical aura. The device should raise an alarm that can lead to precautionary measures by the patient/caregiver and prevent accidents.
It should be a compact wearable device, which the person will be wearing during high-risk activities.
4. Direct cortical stimulator
Problem: Brain tumours often occur near the motor and language areas. There are frequent anatomical variations due to which accurate location of these areas is not possible during the surgery. Direct cortical stimulation involves an electrode which gives either a monopolar or bipolar stimulation (1-30 mv) directly on the brain surface (will be given during the surgery).
Solution: Hand/Leg EMG signal monitoring device.
5.Muscle/nerve stimulator for Quadriplegic or Brachial plexus injury patients.
Problem: Cervical cord injury patients or brachial plexus injury patients suffer disconnection of the brain with peripheral nerves and muscles. However, Muscles of such patients are healthy enough to do a task.
Solution: Electroencephalographic(EEG) signals from C3 - C4 (motor) region of the brain will be received and fed to the wearable device to actuate the muscles for a small task like holding, lifting, etc.
6. Measurement ofTension in tissues.
Problem: Excessive tension during stitching operation lead to buttonholing problem.
Solution: Portable (Handheld) device should be able to measure tension in Human tissues during stitching. A threshold tissue tension has to be obtained so that the device will raise alarm.